India signed and ratified UN convention on the persons with Disabilities in 2007. However, there was a large scale identification of disabilities in the population in 2011 census which is available in C-20 prevalence of disabilities data in the census reports of the government of India. In India we do not have incidence data on disability (Incidence data refers to number of persons with disabilities who are born and the
prevalence data refer to the number of persons with disabilities who have survived). Unless there is a mandatory screening of all new born and mandatory screening in the first 1000 days it is not possible to get the disability incidence data in India. RBSK is a national programme for children, however it is not implemented in the entire country
and data for the country as a whole is not available. In ICDS the data is collected by Anganwadi workers and in health programmes data is collected by ASHA workers on disabilities. However, the data is not consolidated and analysed. Some studies to provide early childhood intervention support to children who are “At risk” or born with
‘impairments’ in India shows around 4-6 % of the child population has some form of disability. Udisha Portage – a world bank assisted programme is one of the large scale programme for 0-6 children with disabilities implemented in the entire state of Karnataka by the Department of Women and Child Development and CBR NETWORK, Bangalore. Under this study which covered 43,200 Anganwadi centers
shows the prevalence rate of disability among children in around 4-6 % of child population in 0-6 age group.
Author: CBR Network
Year of development of the resource material: 2006